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Nutritional Facts
Myth versus Fact: Mistaken beliefs about Nutrition from The Yale Guide to Children's Nutrition

Myth
: Potato chips count as a vegetable in the Food Guide Pyramid.
Fact: While potatoes are found in the vegetable group, potato chips are not. Potato chips are extremely high in fat and should,
therefore, only be eaten occasionally.

Myth: "Starve a fever; feed a cold," or is it "feed a fever; starve a cold"?
Fact: Neither! Fevers and colds both require adequate nutrition. While children may not have an appetite for many foods when
they are sick, it is still important to frequently encourage food and fluid intake.

Myth: Chocolate and fried foods cause acne.
Fact: Research has not shown a connection between the consumption of chocolate and/or high fat food intake and the
appearance of acne. Acne is primarily associated with hormonal changes in adolescence.

Myth: Fish is brain food.
Fact: Fish provides many excellent nutrients and is an excellent food choice. However, it does not have any special effects on
brain development or learning.

Myth: Sugar causes hyperactivity.
Fact: Sugar has not been shown to cause hyperactivity. A modest intake of sugar is acceptable in the context of a balanced,
nutritious diet.

Believe it or Not ... Surprising Facts from The Yale Guide to Children's Nutrition

Only seven foods comprise 95 percent of food allergies: milk, soy, fish, wheat, eggs, peanuts, and tree nuts.

Children with middle ear infections may suffer a reduced ability to taste foods and may enjoy them less.

2 cups of raw broccoli has the same number of calories as 1 teaspoon of butter.

The number of taste buds on the tongue varies widely and is genetically determined. The tongue of a "supertaster" may have as
many as 1100 taste buds per square centimeter, while a "nontaster" may have as few as 11 taste buds in the same sized area.

Children who are allergic to cow's milk should also avoid eating margarine.

By law, labels on foods intended for children under two years of age cannot list the amount of fats, cholesterol, or calories
from fat. Dietary fat is an important component of the diet for children under two and should not be limited.

Breastfeeding may set the stage for the ability of children to accept new foods, since the flavor of breast milk can vary with the
composition of the mother's diet.

Children will have achieved half of their full adult height by 18 to 24 months of age.

Feeding Your Child

What foods can be harmful to a baby?
How can a picky toddler be enticed to eat?
Should a teenager with acne stop eating chocolate?
Can a nutrition-conscious family ever eat in a fast food restaurant?
Should a concerned parent count calories or grams of fat for an overweight child?

No parent escapes unsolved questions like these. Feeding children in a health-conscious way is a challenge, and sometimes even
a mystery. Trusting "common sense" when choosing, preparing, and serving food to children can be unreliable. Scientific
research shows that some well-accepted nutrition "wisdom" makes sense (Mom's chicken soup is a good choice for a child
suffering a cold), but other nutrition choices that seem safe may not be (honey should not be served to babies under a year old).

What is essential, say the nutritionists, is to balance different kinds of food in the diet. The balance differs at different ages and
developmental stages, and it varies with certain medical problems, but it can be achieved in ways to please every child's taste.
Even sugary desserts and high-fat snacks can be part of a healthy diet when eaten in moderation. Avoid dental problems identify
foods that are most likely to cause allergic reactions  take steps toward lowering fat intake  ensure that a child's diet contains all
essential vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients  stock a healthy kitchen  eat sensibly in our fast-paced society.
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Nutritional Facts
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